Egyptian Meteorological Authority (EMA)
Mohamed Ali Pasha
Mahmoud Hamdy Al-Falaky
King Fouad I
Egyptian Meteorological Authority
The Egyptian Meteorological Authority - one of the sectors of the Ministry of Civil Aviation.
In 1829 AD, the Egyptian state, under the reign of Mohammed Ali Pasha, began measuring the temperature five times a day with the five prayer times in a room in the School of Engineers in "Bulaq" area.
In 1859 AD, the Khedive "Ismail" asked Mahmoud Hamdy Al-Falaky, one of the student at the School of Engineers, who worked at the Bulaq Observatory and before traveling to France to study astronomy and meteorology, to rebuild the observatory.
The new location of the observatory was in the Abbasia area, which continued to take observations throughout the period from 1868 AD to 1903 AD before being transferred to Helwan area in 1904 AD.
In 1915 AD, in the era of King Fuad I - Sultan of Egypt, Master of Nubia, Kordofan and Darfur, the Department of Nature became responsible for the meteorological service.
In 1947 AD, the Meteorological Department was established, followed by three specialized centers for forecasting, the main center in the Cairo building, Cairo International Airport and Almaza Airport.
Under the Presidential Decree No. 2934 of 1971 AD, the Egyptian Meteorological Authority was established, which became the administration of the facility throughout the Republic.
The Egyptian Meteorological Authority (EMA) is one of the oldest scientific and applied institutions with a wealth of national and international achievements.
And since that date under the national leadership headed by the Egyptian Meteorological Authority, starting with Dr. Mohammed Fathy Taha, who assumed the presidency of EMA from 1953 to 1976 AD, and the President of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) from 1971 AD to 1979 AD
A national institution with a leading stature in international standards and distinguished services
Applying best practices to improve meteorological services according to international standards using modern technologies to protect life and property, and spreading awareness among all strata of society in meteorology.
Cooperate with relevant authorities to promote and develop targeted media to raise awareness of meteorological sciences.
Enhance the accuracy of monitoring and the quality of expectations to contribute to the safety of life and the protection of property, and to mitigate the effects of natural disasters.
Providing accurate information, preparing studies and climate reports for decision-makers to contribute to economic prosperity and citizens' safety.
Strive to raise the level of training to build highly qualified scientific cadres with expertise in international standards
The Egyptian Meteorological Authority aims to monitor changes in the atmosphere and forecast future changes through a wide network of meteorological stations throughout the Arab Republic of Egypt, issue air reports, calibrate, maintain and repair scientific equipment used in this field, and participate in practical research on Atmosphere ........
Meteorological services in aviation
EMA provides its civil and military aviation services through the weather forecasting centers and meteorological stations deployed in ARE and associated with global information networks that provide aviation meteorological information exchange.
Reports and forecasts of national and international airlines operating in the Arab Republic of Egypt or passing through the Egyptian airspace are also issued.
Meteorological services for agriculture
Agriculture was the first field to receive meteorological services, especially after the development of weather forecasts that prevented agriculture from many risks.
EMA, in cooperation with the Ministry of Environment and all agricultural research centers of the Ministry of Agriculture, measures some factors that affect agricultural productivity in the Arab Republic of Egypt and issues periodic reports to agricultural research centers and stakeholders.
Meteorological services for maritime navigation
EMA provides its maritime services through forecast stations and marine meteorological stations, in order to provide maritime meteorological information exchange in order to ensure the safety of sailing in ports, fishing and all maritime activities.
Meteorological services in the study of environmental pollutants
There are different images of environmental pollutants, and lead to damage to life on this planet !!
With the scientific and technological development and the development of the observation and forecasting apparatus, it was necessary for the Egyptian Meteorological Authority, in cooperation with the concerned authorities, to monitor and measure the levels of air pollution, determine the level of natural pollution in the atmosphere and predict the movement of pollutants, produce reports and warnings at pollution levels, Global averages.
Meteorological information and documentation services
This is done through the Information, Documentation and Decision Support Center. Where the data are analyzed, the work of statistical studies, which is the basis of decision-making.
As well as the issuance of periodic scientific journal and research publications, etc., are exchanged with some scientific and research bodies.
Meteorological services in scientific research
The Egyptian Meteorological Authority (EMA) has recognized the importance of scientific research in the field of meteorology. The numerical model of weather forecasting has been developed and computer capabilities have been used to produce various weather maps.
As well as meteorological stations in the field of scientific research, which greatly helped in the research and analysis and development of the work system in order to obtain accurate outputs.
Meteorological services in training
The Egyptian Meteorological Authority provides its training services through the WMO Regional Training Center
Through the training activities provided, prepared cadres are technically and scientifically qualified to undertake all meteorological observation and forecasting, maintenance of monitoring and applied research in meteorological and other fields at the local, regional and international levels.
The EMA services are not limited to the above, but include many other areas, such as:
Urban planning and construction services, Meteorological services for the tourism sector, measurements of solar radiation, etc.